Emotion Emotion is one type of affect, other types being mood, temperament and sensation for example, pain. Emotions can be understood as either states or as processes.
Darwin, therefore, argued that emotions evolved via natural selection and therefore have universal cross-cultural counterparts.
Darwin also detailed the virtues of experiencing emotions and the parallel experiences that occur in animals. This led the way for animal research on emotions and the eventual determination of the neural underpinnings of emotion. Contemporary More contemporary views along the evolutionary psychology spectrum posit that both basic emotions and social emotions evolved to motivate social behaviors that were adaptive in the ancestral environment.
MacLean claims that emotion competes with even more instinctive responses, on one hand, and the more abstract reasoning, on the other hand. The increased potential in neuroimaging has also allowed investigation into evolutionarily ancient parts of the brain.
Important neurological advances were derived from these perspectives in the s by Joseph E.
Research on social emotion also focuses on the physical displays of emotion including body language of animals and humans see affect display. For example, spite seems to work against the individual but it can establish an individual's reputation as someone to be feared.
The first modern version of such theories came from William James in the s. LeDoux  and Robert Zajonc  who are able to appeal to neurological evidence.
James—Lange theory In his article  William James argued that feelings and emotions were secondary to physiological phenomena. In his theory, James proposed that the perception of what he called an "exciting fact" directly led to a physiological response, known as "emotion.
The Danish psychologist Carl Lange also proposed a similar theory at around the same time, and therefore this theory became known as the James—Lange theory.
As James wrote, "the perception of bodily changes, as they occur, is the emotion. An emotion-evoking stimulus snake triggers a pattern of physiological response increased heart rate, faster breathing, etc. This theory is supported by experiments in which by manipulating the bodily state induces a desired emotional state.
Its main contribution is the emphasis it places on the embodiment of emotions, especially the argument that changes in the bodily concomitants of emotions can alter their experienced intensity. Most contemporary neuroscientists would endorse a modified James—Lange view in which bodily feedback modulates the experience of emotion.
Cannon—Bard theory Walter Bradford Cannon agreed that physiological responses played a crucial role in emotions, but did not believe that physiological responses alone could explain subjective emotional experiences.
He argued that physiological responses were too slow and often imperceptible and this could not account for the relatively rapid and intense subjective awareness of emotion. An emotion-evoking event snake triggers simultaneously both a physiological response and a conscious experience of an emotion.
Phillip Bard contributed to the theory with his work on animals.Many psychologists have claimed that certain emotions are more basic than others, often for very different reasons. According to the PEN Model, emotions arise as aspects of a person's r-bridal.com Personality Disorders include problems with emotions, in addition to problems with thoughts and behavior.
Emotions are what drive us and what drive us astray. You cannot persuade without understanding them well. The Evolutionary Psychology of Emotions and Behavior Irrational Emotions "A human being is a bundle of useless approaches to emotion, discuss research linking particular emotions to specific adaptive EVOLUTIONARY THEORIES OF EMOTION.
The facial muscles involved in emotional expression are governed by nerves following a complex system of direct and indirect pathways to and from the motor cortex (voluntary smile circuit under conscious control) and the limbic system and brain stem (spontaneous smile circuit not under conscious control).
Emotion is any conscious experience characterized by intense mental activity and a certain degree of pleasure or displeasure.
|From Genius to Madness||August 20, writer Research Papers 0 The measurement of emotions proved to be a challenging task since humans often experience them instinctively and find a rational response more difficult. Alternative explanations of difficulty in emotion measurement have to take into account multiple theories of emotion that strive to explain it as a fact of cognition or psyche.|
|Great Ideas in Personality--Basic Emotions||The movement of the shapes reflects how our emotions vary in strength and frequency in peoples lives.|
|An encyclopedia of philosophy articles written by professional philosophers.||Darwin, therefore, argued that emotions evolved via natural selection and therefore have universal cross-cultural counterparts. Darwin also detailed the virtues of experiencing emotions and the parallel experiences that occur in animals.|
|What Are The Sources of Emotions?||Alarm, shock, fear, fright, horror, terror, panic, hysteria, mortification Nervousness Anxiety, nervousness, tenseness, uneasiness, apprehension, worry, distress, dread There are also moves to minimize the number of basic emotions. Starting from the Ekman group of anger, fear, surprise, disgust, happiness and sadness, they found fear and surprise are similar, with 'eyes wide open' as the person increases visual attention.|
Scientific discourse has drifted to other meanings and there is no consensus on a definition. Emotion is often intertwined with mood, temperament, personality, disposition, and motivation. In some theories, cognition is an important aspect of emotion. Week 5 Assignment: Emotions Research and Theories Linda Smart PSY/ July 10, Dr.
Hawkins Emotions Research and Theories Emotion is a feeling that causes physical and psychological changes as well as, influence thought and behavior.