The extant sources agree that Socrates was profoundly ugly, resembling a satyr more than a man—and resembling not at all the statues that turned up later in ancient times and now grace Internet sites and the covers of books. He had wide-set, bulging eyes that darted sideways and enabled him, like a crab, to see not only what was straight ahead, but what was beside him as well; a flat, upturned nose with flaring nostrils; and large fleshy lips like an ass. Socrates let his hair grow long, Spartan-style even while Athens and Sparta were at warand went about barefoot and unwashed, carrying a stick and looking arrogant.
Once again are the ancient Greeks, who developed the rational knowledge of nature, who also focused their reflection in man and therefore in themselves. Pausanias, the famous tourist of the II century A. Know thyself and nothing in excess".
Many of these statements have not ceased to be used and to encourage reflection of men from then until today. Probably the most successful of them is "know thyself", especially since Socrates himself used it many times, especially as stated in the Platonic dialogue "Alcibiades" when facing the ambitious young Athenian politician with his own ignorance.
This is the reason why the phrase is wrongly attributed to Socrates. If there are infinite thinkers and philosophers who take as their own "nosce te ipsum" or one of its variants, there are also infinite ways in which it was used.
The phrase continues to be an enigma from the beginning.
Does it mean just remember the men their vulnerability and deadly? The same idea is expressed by Saint Augustine, directing the judgment in the Christian sense, when he says "do not want to pour out; fall within yourself, because inside of man lies the truth" From True Religion 39,72thus inaugurating the so called "Socratic Christian" spoken by Gilson.
In any case "knowing oneself" is a difficult task, the most difficult, as Thales of Miletus said, according to Diogenes Laertius Lives and opinions of eminent philosophers, Book I, 12,15 or according to the dialogue of Plato Alcibiades, ,: Actually this "Delphic order" constitutes one of the pillars of philosophical reflection of all time, ethics and mysticism; infinite authors since antiquity, as we saw, through the Middle Ages of Peter Abelardwho used it as the title for his treatise "Ethica seu liber dictus: IX entitled "Moral anatomy of man": But what is the good in knowing everything while not knowing oneself?
Closer to our time, the same idea is repeated by many: This is the first request that philosophy makes to his apprentice. You are not going to talk about anything outside of you, but only of yourself ".
There is no philosopher who is inspired by the inscription of the temple of Delphi.
Even today in our hyperactive culture, little given to reflection and peace of mind, the highest Greek inspired numerous self-help books looking for the north in self acceptance or self-identity.
Necessary books that are not always valuable.
Also here the consumer society and the bestsellers found a good opportunity for business. I hope this short article is used for guide the reader, in the sense that he considers most appropriate, of course.The Suda, a 10th-century encyclopedia of Greek knowledge, says: "the proverb is applied to those whose boasts exceed what they are", and that "know thyself" is a warning to pay no attention to the opinion of the multitude..
One work by the Medieval philosopher Peter Abelard is entitled Scito te ipsum (“know yourself”) or Ethica..
From onwards the phrase nosce te ipsum and its Latin. The dialogue’s latter half presents Socrates’ testing of Critias’ definition of sôphrosunê as knowing oneself; Critias’ image of this definition leads to him coming to allege the impossibility and uselessness of self-knowledge.
Yet this is inconsistent with his views about its Delphic provenance. Here are 14 Socrates quotes to better know yourself.
One of the greatest thinkers the world has ever known, Socrates believed in the power of the human mind. Here are 14 Socrates quotes to better know yourself. 14 Socrates Quotes on Knowing Oneself.
By. Flavia Medrut - February 15, 5K Shares. Share 5K. Tweet +1. Share. Pin. For instance, he is famous for stressing the importance of knowing oneself and for asserting that no one ever knowingly and intentionally does evil rather than good.
In this section of the text, these ethical principles come into play in force as Socrates passionately defends the justice of the philosophical life. Socrates (c. BC – BC) was a classical Greek philosopher and is one of the founders of Western philosophy. He is known chiefly through the writings of his students Plato and Xenophon, and the plays of his contemporary Aristophanes.
The benefi ts of studying Socrates and self-knowledge 1 What one knows when knowing oneself 40 Knowing oneself and knowing another 43 Of course Socrates’ attempts at obedience to the pre-cept, as authors of .